Sunday, June 16, 2019

PDRRMO's Response Capacity

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MOA with NFA

The Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (PDRRMC) MOA Signingand the National Food Authority (NFA) entered into an agreement that the former shall procure rice from the latter in times of calamities in the province of Batangas.  The signing of the Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) was highlighted during the 2018 1st Quarter PDRRM full Council Meeting last April 4, 2018.

Hon. Hermilando I. Mandanas, Governor and Chairperson of the PDRRMC represented the provincial government while Mr. Miguel S. Tecson, Provincial Manager, signed in behalf of the National Food Authority.  

Gov. Mandanas stressed that everytime a calamity affects our province, our people's concern is for food, particularly rice.  The Governor appreciated the efforts of the National Food Authority to support the province of Batangas for cheaper price of rice.  Although we have enough supply of rice in the province due to supply of our neigboring provinces like Mindoro.  He further reported that the rice production of Batangas Province is less than 20% of its actual consumption.

Full context of this MOA shall be uploaded under the "About PDRRMO" menu soon.


  • FEATURE:  WHAT IS A TSUNAMI?

    tsunami waves

    The phenomenon we call tsunami is a series of large waves of extremely long wavelength and period usually generated by a violent, impulsive undersea disturbance or activity near the coast or in the ocean.  When a sudden displacement of a large volume of water occurs, or if the sea floor is suddenly raised or dropped by an earthquake, big tsunami waves can be formed.   The waves travel out of the area of origin and can be extremely dangerous and damaging when they reach the shore.  

    The word tsunami (pronounced tsoo-nah'-mee) is composed of the Japanese words "tsu" (which means harbor) and "nami" (which means "wave").  Often the term, "seismic or tidal sea wave" is used to describe the same phenomenon, however the terms are misleading, because tsunami waves can be generated by other, non seismic disturbances such as volcanic eruptions or underwater landslides, and have physical characteristics different of tidal waves.   The tsunami waves are completely unrelated to the astronomical tides - which are caused by the extraterrestrial, gravitational influences of the moon, sun, and the planets.  Thus, the Japanese word "tsunami", meaning "harbor wave" is the correct, official and all-inclusive term.   It has been internationally adopted because it covers all forms of impulsive wave generation.

    Tsunami waves often look like walls of water and can attack the shoreline and be dangerous for hours, with waves coming every 5 to 60 minutes.  The first wave may not be the largest, and often it is the 2nd, 3rd, 4th or even later waves that are the biggest.  After one wave inundates, or floods inland, it recedes seaward often as far as a person can see so the seafloor is exposed.  The next wave then rushes ashore within minutes and carries with it many floating debris that were destroyed by previous waves.  When waves enter harbors, very strong and dangerous water currents are generated that can easily break ship moorings, and bores that travel far inland can be formed when tsunamis enter rivers or other waterway channels.

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    Batangas City. The 1st quarter meeting of the Batangas Association of Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Officers (BALDDRMO) was held today, February 9, 2018 at the Conference Hall of the Batangas Provincial Planning and Development Office (PPDO) led by the PDRRM Officer; Mr. Joselito M. Castro.

    Ms. Georgina Garcia of the Office of Civil Defense (OCD) IV-A discussed the OCD IV-A activities involving Batangas while Mr. Alex Masiglat oriented the local DRRM Officers about joining the Gawad Kalasag competition.  Mr. Castro discussed the proposed critical infrastructure projects to be undertaken by the PDRRM Council, including the dredging of Pansipit River.  He also discussed the conduct of the 1st Quarter Nationwide Simultaneous Earthquake Drill to be held on February 15.

What is Vehicle Extrication?

VexPixVehicle extrication is the process of removing a vehicle from around a person who has been involved in a motor vehicle accident, when conventional means of exit are impossible or inadvisable. A delicate approach is needed to minimize injury to the victim during the extrication. This operation is typically accomplished by using chocks and bracing for stabilization and hydraulic tools, including the Jaws of Life.

The basic extrication process consists of, but is not limited to, six steps:

  • the protection of the accident scene, to avoid a risk of another collision (marking out the scene with cones or flares (not advisable if gasoline is leaking), lighting) and of fire (e.g. switching off the ignition, putting vehicle in park, disconnecting the battery, placing absorbing powder on oil and gasoline pools, fire extinguisher and fire hose ready to use);
  • patient triage and initial medical assessment of the patient by a qualified medical rescuer;
  • securing the vehicle to prevent the unexpected movement (e.g. falling in a ditch), and the movements of the suspension, either of which could cause an unstable trauma wound or cause injury to the rescuers; a vehicle should never be moved, it should always be secured.
  • the opening of the vehicle and the deformation of the structure (such as removing a window) to allow the intervention of a first responder, of a paramedic or of a physician inside the vehicle to better assess the patient and begin care and also to release a possible pressure on the casualty;
  • removal of a section of the vehicle (usually the roof or door) to allow for safe removal of the accident victim, especially respecting the head-neck-back axis (rectitude of the spine);
  • removal of the person from the vehicle

In less complicated cases, it is possible to extricate the casualty without actually cutting the vehicle, such as removing a person from the side door or another part of the vehicle.

As soon as possible, best before beginning the mechanical operation, a medically trained person enters the cabin to perform first aid on the casualty: mid-level assessment, stopping the bleeding, putting a cervical collar on the patient (extrication operations are likely to provoke vibrations), providing oxygen first aid. In France, this rescuer is called the "squirrel" (écureuil). NFPA regulation 1006 and 1670 state that all "rescuers" must have medical training to perform any technical rescue operation, including cutting the vehicle itself. Therefore, in almost all rescue environments, whether it is an EMS Department or Fire Department that runs the rescue, the actual rescuers who cut the vehicle and run the extrication scene are Medical First Responders, Emergency Medical Technicians, or Paramedics, as a motor vehicle accident has a patient involved.

After the vehicle has been secured and access gained to the patient, the EMS team then enters to perform more detailed medical care. Continued protection of the patient from extrication itself, using hard and soft protection, should be done at all times. The deformation of the structure and the section of the roof take several minutes; this pre-extrication time can be used for medical or paramedical acts such as intubation or placing an intravenous drip. When the casualty is in cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary resuscitation can be performed during the freeing, the casualty being seated. The use of this incompressible duration is sometimes called play and run, as a compromise between scoop and run (fast evacuation to a trauma center) and stay and play (maximum medical care onsite).

The last step is usually performed with a long spine board: the casualty is pulled up on it. An extrication splint (KED) can help to immobilise the spine during this operation.